The labour market conflict in APM Terminals in Port of Gothenburg has led to a large reduction in volumes handled in the port. However, the consequences within the supply chain are much more severe and multiple large companies across the country stress the negative implications in terms of increased cost as well as problems of sending/receiving goods on time, which in the long run threatens the competitiveness of the Swedish export industry.
The reporting in media is predominately from companies affected in different ways. This prompts a need for an unbiased investigation, performed by a third-party organisation, to systematically assess the consequences of the port conflicts from a national perspective. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to investigate (1) which actors have been affected, (2) how they have been affected, (3) which measures they have taken and can take to mitigate the consequences and (4) indicate the aggregated logistics effects in terms of altered flows of goods, modal choice, costs and external effects. The project will not address the labour market conflict itself, rather in an unbiased way address the consequences of the conflict and how problems that have arised have been addressed at different stages throughout the conflict.
The project is led by School of Business, Economics and Law at University of Gothenburg, which will carry out the work in collaboration with SSPA Sweden AB. The work will be divided into five work packages focusing on (1) describing and analysing the different stages of the conflict and its immediate effects; (2) changes in the maritime container traffic and its environmental effects; (3) the effects on the industrial actors and their strategies to mitigate the consequences; (4) the logistics impact and its economic and environmental consequences; (5) project management, synthesis and dissemination.
The anticipated result will benefit both authorities and industrial actors in terms of knowledge of the effects and well as mitigation options to reduce consequences of the conflict. The project will contribute to understanding the role of governments in establishing a robust well-functioning transport system.