Maritime safety

Shipping faces a number of challenges, one of the most important being safety. A shipping accident can  have major consequences, not only loss of human lives but also impacts in terms of environmental and financial after-effects. Maritime safety covers a broad spectrum of topics, divided into legislation, organisation, education and training, construction of ships and equipment, and operations. 

In maritime operations, safety can be divided into different proactive measures, that all aim to mitigate and reduce the impact of accidents.Fire prevention is an example of a pro-active action, while other measures to reduce negative impacts of an accident includes fire fighting and rescue operations.

Development of methods to identify safe nautical behaviour is important for maritime safety includes the requirement for onshore and shipping surveillance, verification, optimisation and fore- casting. Risk analysis is fundamental for development of maritime safety and development is needed in the historic static level and dynamic processes. Design of ships and equipment require continuous back-up by research activities in order to maintain required safety level. Research can advise in the development and interpretation of new legislation.

The activities can be divided into thematic areas such as arctic shipping, design of future ultra-large vessels, design of specialised vessels, ship motion and stability. Maintenance issues related to corrosion and fatigue which influence the design and safety level of aged ship structures is a field of growing interest world-wide. It is also important to include operational aspects such as navigation, search operations as well as leadership and education. Simulators and field tests are important tools for this type of research.

Important areas:

  • Development of methods, organisation, training and procedures for Search and Rescue, Evacuation and Escape.
  • Applied safety, including safety culture, operating standards and regulatory systems to be integrated in complex maritime operations.
  • Operator performance, examining physical and cognitive capacities.
  • Proactive user friendly design, integrating human performance into the design of complex socio-technical systems in order to prevent accidents, onshore and ship based surveillance and decision-making support.