The research includes optimization of ship design and propulsion as well as energy efficiency and energy management at ship level and in the logistics chain. It also encompasses studies of the relation between the ship in terms of operation, technology and design taking into account the resulting emissions to air and water.
An important research area is development and use of environmental systems analysis to evaluate technology and operation at a systems level. Here tools like life cycle assessment (LCA), ecological risk assessment (ERA), and (environmental) cost benefit analysis (CBA) are used.
The interactions between the technical and environmental system is thus a major issue. An overall aim is to develop methodology and competence that can provide decision support regarding technology and organisation with respect to environmental impact and resource use.
Important research areas
At present the research is focused on a number of challenges to shipping, grouped into three main research areas.
- Energy efficiency potential
- Energy management and energy management systems
- Energy efficient design
Environmental impact assessment
- of energy sources /energy carriers
- of technology
Sources in of impact in technical system and emission abatement technology
- Related to emissions to air, CO2, NOx, SO2, particles, VOC…
- Related to emissions to water, Ballast water, Sanitary water, Scrubbing, antifouling paint, marine litter
- Policy, legislation, organisation and management tools
The research in environmental systems analysis is inter-disciplinary by definition. The theme area is also covering a number of traditional disciplines where different cooperation partners are necessary. The network in academia in Gothenburg as well as elsewhere is illustrating this:
- IVL, Swedish Environment Research Institute,
- KCK, competence centre for catalysis,
- CPM, competence centre for environmental assessment of product and material systems
Chalmers and GU divisions and departments within GMV:
- Environmental Systems Analysis, Energy and Environment , Chalmers
- Physical Resource Theory, Energy and Environment , Chalmers
- Optical Remote Sensing, Earth and Space Sciences, Chalmers
- Geo Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers
- Inorganic Environmental Chemistry, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers
- Logistics, Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers
- Atmospheric Chemistry, Chemistry and Molecular Biology, GU
- Marine Chemistry, Chemistry and Molecular Biology, GU
- Marine Ecology, Biological and environmental sciences, GU
- Plant and Environmental Sciences, Biological and environmental sciences, GU
- Sven Lovén Centre for Marine Sciences
- DTU, machine technology, the Danish technical university, Copenhagen
- NTNU, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim
- Det Norskke Veritas (DNV)
- Shipping companies, the Swedish Shipowners association, the Swedish Maritime Administration and many different companies in the shipping area (Wärtsilä, Marorka, DEC, etc)
- And others
Achievements – annual reports
The activities In Eco Ship during 2009, 2010 and 2011/2012 are described in more detail in annual reports.